C#, HTML, JavaScript, Programming, Web

Write a JavaScript/HTML Form Submit Post From C# APSX Code Behind

There may be a case where you are taking information from a form and need to post it to a web site somewhere else. One quick method of performing that post is to execute it from the code behind using C# (via context.response) and JavaScript. This is a scaled down example of a case where I was submitting a POST from the code behind of a web part control:

A couple things to note:

  • You can add as many fields as you wish to post, I am only using two
  • You can use string.Format to get C# variables to put directly in the POST
protected string value1;
protected string value2;

value1 = "something";
value2 = "something else";

Context.Response.Write("<form name='Form1' id='Form1' method='post' action='https://www.mywebsitetopostto.com/example'>");
Context.Response.Write("<input type='hidden' name='__VIEWSTATE' id='__VIEWSTATE' value='' />");
Context.Response.Write(string.Format("<input type='hidden' name='txtValue1' id='txtValue1' runat='server' value='{0}' />", value1));
Context.Response.Write(string.Format("<input type='hidden' name='txtValue2' id='txtValue2' runat='server' value='{0}' />", value2));

Ideally you would use this in a case where you are posting content and the page you are posting to will process and serve something after the form that receives your post processes what you sent. Please do not use this snippet and blame me for a blank page 🙂

C#, Programming, SharePoint, Web

Convert A Links List To A DropDownList By A Web Part In SharePoint 2013 (C#)

So I have been enjoying the benefit of Mike Smith’s article for a while now (http://techtrainingnotes.blogspot.com/2010/12/sharepoint-convert-links-list-to.html). A client I did a project for was wanting to carry this functionality forward to 2013. The problem: this method didn’t work in 2013.

So I took a programmatic approach to lose the JavaScript dependency. It also will sort the dropdown names by what you type as the description by using the sortedlist in the code behind. It’s fairly simple, here’s what I did:

  • Created a links list and populated some URLs and Descriptions (!!! You need both for below to work, otherwise remove the description dependency in my code !!!)
  • Create a SharePoint 2013 Visual Web Part project
  • Add the dropdownlist control to the control

In the .ascx control I have:

<asp:DropDownList ID="linkDropDown" runat="server" Font-Names="Arial" Font-Size="10pt"
Width="300px" OnSelectedIndexChanged="linkDropDown_SelectedIndexChanged" AutoPostBack="true" EnableViewState="true">
<asp:ListItem Text="Link to ..." Value="#"></asp:ListItem>
  • Add the code to the code behind of the control

Now the code behind, here’s my using statements:

using System;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using Microsoft.SharePoint;
using System.Collections;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;

and here is what I have in the Page_Load and the SelectedIndexChanged event

protected void linkDropDown_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)

protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
SortedList sortedLists = new SortedList();

using (SPSite siteCol = new SPSite("http://mysharepoint2013site/"))
using (SPWeb web = siteCol.RootWeb)
SPList list = web.GetList("/Lists/NameOfLinksList");
SPListItemCollection items = list.GetItems();

foreach (SPListItem it in items)
SPFieldUrlValue fieldValue = new SPFieldUrlValue(it["URL"].ToString());
string description = fieldValue.Description;
string url = fieldValue.Url;
sortedLists.Add(description, url);

IDictionaryEnumerator enumerator = sortedLists.GetEnumerator();
while (enumerator.MoveNext())
ListItem listitem = new ListItem();
listitem.Text = enumerator.Key.ToString();
listitem.Value = enumerator.Value.ToString();
linkDropDown.Items.Add(new ListItem(listitem.Text.ToString(), listitem.Value.ToString()));

Deploy and enjoy!

C#, Programming, SharePoint, Web

Convert Doc/Docx Files To PDF In SharePoint 2013 Using Word Automation Services (C#)

Most of you whom are searching around on this are aware of the solution for SharePoint 2010 (https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/office/ff181518(v=office.14).aspx). And chances are after you tried on your own to do this for 2013 that there was no List Definition type in VS, right? So after finding this (https://camerondwyer.wordpress.com/2013/09/20/how-to-create-a-custom-sharepoint-list-definition-using-visual-studio-2012/) I decided to frankenstein the old methods with the updated way to do it in Visual Studio. The results of the successful experiment are below.

Code It

This article describes the following steps to show how to call the Word Automation Services to convert a document:

  1. Creating a SharePoint 2013 Empty Project and Adding the SharePoint list.
  2. Adding a reference to the Microsoft.Office.Word.Server assembly.
  3. Adding an event receiver.
  4. Adding the sample code to the solution.

Creating a SharePoint 2013 List Definition (sort of) Application in Visual Studio 2012

This article uses a SharePoint 2013 list definition application for the sample code.

To create a SharePoint 2013 list definition application in Visual Studio 2012

  1. Start Microsoft Visual Studio 2012 as an administrator.
  2. In Visual Studio 2012 select File | New Project
  3. Select Templates | Visual C# | Office/SharePoint | SharePoint 2013 – Empty Project, Provide a name and location for the project/solution and OKcapture1-vsprojectName the project and solution something meaningful (ConvertWordToPDF perhaps?).
    To create the solution, click OK.
  4. Select a site to use for debugging and deployment.
  5. Select the site to use for debugging and the trust level for the SharePoint solution.
    Make sure to select the trust level Deploy as a farm solution. If you deploy as a sandboxed solution, it does not work because the solution uses the Microsoft.Office.Word.Server assembly. This assembly does not allow for calls from partially trusted callers.
  6. To finish creating the solution, click Finish.
  7. Once the new solution has been created, we can use the new Visual Designer to create the List Definition. Right click the project in the solution explorer and select Add | New Item
  8. Select Visual C# Items | Office/SharePoint | List, provide a name and click OK
  9. Provide a display name for the list. Go with the “Create a customizable list template and a list instance of it” and choose the Document Library.

Adding a Reference to the Microsoft Office Word Server Assembly

To use Word Automation Services, you must add a reference to the Microsoft.Office.Word.Server to the solution.

To add a reference to the Microsoft Office Word Server Assembly

  1. In Visual Studio, from the Project menu, select Add Reference.
  2. Locate the assembly. By using the Browse tab, locate the assembly. The Microsoft.Office.Word.Server assembly is located in the SharePoint 2013 ISAPI folder. This is usually located at c:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\15\ISAPI\. After the assembly is located, click OK to add the reference.

Adding an Event Receiver

This article uses an event receiver that uses the Microsoft.Office.Word.Server assembly to create document conversion jobs and add them to the Word Automation Services conversion job queue.

To add an event receiver

  1. In Visual Studio, on the Project menu, click Add New Item.
  2. In the Add New Item dialog box, in the Project Templates pane, click the Visual C# SharePoint 2013 template.
  3. In the Templates pane, click Event Receiver.
  4. Name the event receiver ConvertWordToPDFEventReceiver and then click Add.
    The event receiver converts Word Documents after they are added to the List. Select the An item was added item from the list of events that can be handled.
  5. Click Finish to add the event receiver to the project.

Adding the Sample Code to the Solution

Replace the contents of the ConvertWordToPDFEventReceiver.cs source file with the following code. Just remember to make sure you replace “Word Automation Services” with the name of it in the web applications in central admin.

using System;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using Microsoft.SharePoint;
using Microsoft.SharePoint.Security;
using Microsoft.SharePoint.Utilities;
using Microsoft.SharePoint.Workflow;

using Microsoft.Office.Word.Server.Conversions;

namespace ConvertWordToPDF.ConvertWordToPDFEventReceiver
  /// &lt;summary&gt;
  /// List Item Events
  /// &lt;/summary&gt;
  public class ConvertWordToPDFEventReceiver : SPItemEventReceiver
    /// &lt;summary&gt;
    /// An item was added.
    /// &lt;/summary&gt;
    public override void ItemAdded(SPItemEventProperties properties)

      // Verify the document added is a Word document
      // before starting the conversion.
      if (properties.ListItem.Name.Contains(".docx") 
        || properties.ListItem.Name.Contains(".doc"))
        //Variables used by the sample code.
        ConversionJobSettings jobSettings;
        ConversionJob pdfConversion;
        string wordFile;
        string pdfFile;

        // Initialize the conversion settings.
        jobSettings = new ConversionJobSettings();
        jobSettings.OutputFormat = SaveFormat.PDF;

        // Create the conversion job using the settings.
        pdfConversion = 
          new ConversionJob("Word Automation Services", jobSettings);

        // Set the credentials to use when running the conversion job.
        pdfConversion.UserToken = properties.Web.CurrentUser.UserToken;

        // Set the file names to use for the source Word document
        // and the destination PDF document.
        wordFile = properties.WebUrl + "/" + properties.ListItem.Url;
        if (properties.ListItem.Name.Contains(".docx"))
          pdfFile = wordFile.Replace(".docx", ".pdf");
          pdfFile = wordFile.Replace(".doc", ".pdf");

        // Add the file conversion to the conversion job.
        pdfConversion.AddFile(wordFile, pdfFile);

        // Add the conversion job to the Word Automation Services 
        // conversion job queue. The conversion does not occur
        // immediately but is processed during the next run of
        // the document conversion job.


Deploy and enjoy!

API, C#, Programming, SMS, Web Service

C# Send A SMS Text Message Programmatically Using Clickatell HTTP API

I would start off by heading here to better understand the Clickatell HTTP API: https://www.clickatell.com/apis-scripts/apis/http-s/. If you are interested they allow you 10 free text messages to try it out before you buy a package. Just sign up for an account and create your HTTP API and use your information to populate the snippet below.

For a particular project I am using this API to send out texts for verification purposes. I am using my method inside of a web service to send the information about a user as well as their pre-generated pin. Of course it is a lot different in my project but I am providing the bare bones below.

If you are a skimmer and you skipped reading anything I said above then here you go:

Code for MyWebRequest class:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Net;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
using System.Configuration;

namespace CustomWebServices
public class MyWebRequest
private WebRequest request;
private Stream dataStream;

private string status;

public String Status
return status;
status = value;

public MyWebRequest(string url)
// Create a request using a URL that can receive a post.

request = WebRequest.Create(url);

public MyWebRequest(string url, string method)
: this(url)

if (method.Equals("GET") || method.Equals("POST"))
// Set the Method property of the request to POST.
request.Method = method;
throw new Exception("Invalid Method Type");

public MyWebRequest(string url, string method, string data)
: this(url, method)

// Create POST data and convert it to a byte array.
string postData = data;
byte[] byteArray = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(postData);

// Set the ContentType property of the WebRequest.
request.ContentType = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded";

// Set the ContentLength property of the WebRequest.
request.ContentLength = byteArray.Length;

// Get the request stream.
dataStream = request.GetRequestStream();

// Write the data to the request stream.
dataStream.Write(byteArray, 0, byteArray.Length);

// Close the Stream object.


public string GetResponse()
// Get the original response.
WebResponse response = request.GetResponse();

this.Status = ((HttpWebResponse)response).StatusDescription;

// Get the stream containing all content returned by the requested server.
dataStream = response.GetResponseStream();

// Open the stream using a StreamReader for easy access.
StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(dataStream);

// Read the content fully up to the end.
string responseFromServer = reader.ReadToEnd();

// Clean up the streams.

return responseFromServer;

And now the code for the method itself:

public string SendText(string mobile, string pin)
// Make sure to add the country code to ensure the text goes through
string phoneCheck = "";
if (mobile.Length == 10)
phoneCheck = "1" + mobile;
// Clickatell settings
string textmessage = "Your verification pin is " + pin;
string parameters = "";
parameters = "user=yourclickatellusername";
parameters = parameters + "&amp;password=yourclickatellpassword";
parameters = parameters + "&amp;api_id=youruniqueclickatellhttpapiid";
parameters = parameters + "&amp;to=" + phoneCheck;
parameters = parameters + "&amp;text=" + textmessage;
parameters = parameters + "&amp;mo=1";
parameters = parameters + "&amp;from=15558675309";
MyWebRequest myRequest = new MyWebRequest("<a href="http://api.clickatell.com/http/sendmsg">http://api.clickatell.com/http/sendmsg</a>", "POST", parameters);
} // SendText

* Note: If you put this call on a server that will require a proxy then add it to your MyWebRequest class

C#, SharePoint, Web Service

Add An Item To A Custom SharePoint List Using Batch XML With A Web Service (C#)

If you have multiple active directory environments and SharePoint instances in both of those environments then you will understand why I posted this.

I received a requirement that while users from a separate domain and SharePoint instance would need to fill out a form on their SharePoint and have the form submission be sent to the other SharePoint instance (on the other domain). This was because they did not want to mix and mingle with forest trusting or having users to have two separate AD accounts to manage the information. Say what?!

After some initial discovery I had reached a couple quick conclusions:

– SharePoints on different domains do not talk well to each other without trust

– Using the built-in lists service on SharePoint has to be done on the server itself unless you are going to have an instance stood up somewhere on the same domain that has all the required SharePoint dlls to be referenced

All being said, here is an example of what I used as a web service I placed on the SharePoint server that calls the lists web service doing a list add using batch XML:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Runtime.Serialization;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.ServiceModel.Web;
using System.Text;
using Microsoft.SharePoint;
using Microsoft.SharePoint.Client;
using Microsoft.SharePoint.Administration;
using Microsoft.SharePoint.Administration.Claims;
using Microsoft.SharePoint.WebControls;

namespace CopyOverItemFromOtherSP

public string CopyOverFromOtherDomain(string userName, string Name, string userEmail,
string userPhone, string listColumn1, string listColumn2, string listColumn3,
string Comments)
Boolean done = false;

/* Declare and initialize a variable for the Lists Web service. */
sitesWebServiceLists.Lists listService = new sitesWebServiceLists.Lists();

/* Authenticate the current user by passing their default credentials to the Web service from the system credential cache. */
listService.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;

/* Set the Url property of the service for the path to a subsite. */
// Change the web reference URL on the sitesWebServiceLists web service reference to be the address
// that you are wanting to used based on the environment that you want to write to
listService.Url = "<a href="#">http://sharepointtocopyitemto/_vti_bin/Lists.asmx</a>";

/* Get Name attribute values (GUIDs) for list and view. */
System.Xml.XmlNode ndListView = listService.GetListAndView("NameOfSharePointList", "");
string strListID = ndListView.ChildNodes[0].Attributes["Name"].Value;
string strViewID = ndListView.ChildNodes[1].Attributes["Name"].Value;

/* Create an XmlDocument object and construct a Batch element and its
attributes. Note that an empty ViewName parameter causes the method to use the default view. */
System.Xml.XmlDocument doc = new System.Xml.XmlDocument();
System.Xml.XmlElement batchElement = doc.CreateElement("Batch");
batchElement.SetAttribute("OnError", "Continue");
batchElement.SetAttribute("ListVersion", "1");
batchElement.SetAttribute("ViewName", strViewID);

/* Specify methods for the batch post using CAML. To update or delete,
specify the ID of the item, and to update or add, specify
the value to place in the specified column. */
batchElement.InnerXml = "<Method ID='1' Cmd='New'>" +
"<Field Name='ID'>New</Field>" +
"<Field Name='Title'>" + userName.ToString() + "</Field>" +
"<Field Name='Name'>" + Name.ToString() + "</Field>" +
"<Field Name='userEmail'>" + userEmail.ToString() + "</Field>" +
"<Field Name='userPhone'>" + userPhone.ToString() + "</Field>" +
"<Field Name='listColumn1'>" + listColumn1.ToString() + "</Field>" +
"<Field Name='listColumn2'>" + listColumn2.ToString() + "</Field>" +
"<Field Name='listColumn3'>" + listColumn3.ToString() + "</Field>" +
"<Field Name='Comments'>" + Comments.ToString() + "</Field>" +

/* Update list items. This example uses the list GUID, which is recommended,
but the list display name will also work. */
listService.UpdateListItems(strListID, batchElement);
done = true;

if (done == true)
return done.ToString();
return done.ToString();